Private Arthur Henry LINDOP

Northumberland Fusiliers (Class W)
(Formerly: Manchester Regiment)
(Formerly: East Lancs Regiment - 269 days)
4th Battalion
(Formerly: 3rd Battalion, Manchester Regiment)
(Formerly: 10th Battalion, East Lancs Regiment)
Service Number:
203590 (Initially 8533)
(Formerly: 35370 Manchester Regiment)
(Formerly: 10/20778 East Lancs Regiment)
Date of Death:
13 January 1919 (Died in Hospital)
Cemetery / Memorial:
Grave Reference:

Personal History:
According to his Service papers Arthur was born on 3rd July 1883, the son of John Lindop of Wensley, Matlock. (Though he was actually born in the September quarter 1878) His parents, therefore, are most likely John (Railroad Labourer, born in Buxton) and Emma J. Lindop. In 1891 (Census RG 12/2775) they were living at Inkersley Cottage, Darley, nr. Matlock, Derbyshire, but Arthur was not enumerated as living there with them. In 1901 (Census 13/3266) the family was living at Main Road, Wensley, Matlock. Arthur was again not living with them. The Census shows four younger sisters, Emma, Helen, Mary and Millicent.

The 1911 Census (RG 14/21265) finds Arthur resident in The Union Workhouse, Manchester Road, Chapel-en-le-Frith. His stated occupation was 'Grocer'. His younger sister, Emma Elizabeth, was working as a 'Servant' at the Church Inn, Darley Dale, but there is no obvious record of Arthur's parents' address.

When he first enlisted in May 1915 Arthur's address was 49 Kendal Road, Buxton, and on his first re-enlistment, in April 1916 he was living with his "sister", Hannah, at 49 High Street, Buxton, and employed as a 'Grocer'. This relationship is questionable, and would, therefore, explain Arthur's absence from his parents' Census returns. There was an "Arthur H. Lindop", living as the 'grandson' of Henry and Elizabeth Lindop at 79 London Road, Buxton, on the 1881 Census (RG 11/3254).  Arthur's father, John (Unmarried) was at the same address. Hannah was the daughter of the family, and, therefore, Arthur's aunt.

In 1891 12 year old Arthur is living in the same family at 10 Torr Street, Buxton, now as a 'son', despite the ages of his 'parents' - 63 and 58 years. In 1901 (Census RG 113/3269) Arthur, now called 'Henry' was at Chestergate House, High Street, Buxton, listed as 'Nephew', with his uncles and aunts, James, Hannah and Samuel. James was a Grocer and Arthur (Henry) was his Assistant. In reporting his death, 'The Buxton Advertiser' (18 January 1919) also said that Arthur had been ".. formerly in the employ of Mr Platts, grocer, of Higher Buxton".

When he re-enlisted in September 1915 he had moved to 10 Dale Road. At that time he was 5 ft. 6 ins. (1.68 m.) tall and weighed 8 st. 4 lbs. (52.6 kgs.) When he was discharged in 1919 Arthur gave his intended address as 58 London Road, Buxton. He had a 'dark' complexion, brown eyes and 'dark' hair.

Military History:
Arthur originally enlisted in the Manchester Regiment on the 10th April 1916 at Ashton-u-Lyme, but was discharged two months later, on the 20th June as "Not likely to become an efficient soldier." On his Attestation papers he further claimed 269 days Service with  the 10th Battalion East Lancs Regiment. The War Office wrote to his father, John, at Wensley, on the 3rd May 1921 asking for confirmation. John's reply said: "I do not know and never heard it from him". However, the same letter was later endorsed to confirm that Arthur had originally enlisted as Private 20778 East Lancs Regiment, serving from the 25th May 1915 to 17th February 1916 - indeed 269 days! His Service papers for that period give the reason for his discharge as: "Service no longer required."

His Pension Records also state that he had some Service with the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, though there is no confirmation of that in his Records.

Undaunted he re-enlisted in Northumberland Fusiliers three months after being discharged from the Manchester Regiment, on the 15th September 1916 at Hexham-on-Tyne, according to his Service Record, and endorsed on his Medal Index Card. On the 6th March 1917 he was transferred to "Class W(J) T.F. Reserve" (see Footnote below) .

On the 18th August 1918 Arthur was put back on the strength pf the 4th Battalion, only to be finally discharged at York on the  10th November 1917  (Arthur's MIC was endorsed 'Physically Unfit'). In total he had served 1 year and 256 days with this Regiment. His Service papers also stated that his disability was assessed as "20%".

On his Northumberland Fusiliers Service record he was passed as "Fit for service abroad". However, his assessment (for future employment) stated: "Should be found good worker".

Arthur applied for a pension on the 3rd October 1917 and his Medical Report that his disability had started " 3 to 4 months before." at Strensall. The nature of it was described as:

"Complain of sleeplessness due he states to trouble at home and hard training. Now he says he sleeps better.
Very easily upset and complains of feelings of weakness.
During the past four months has only been capable of light duties.
States that he has always been nervous."

"He is poorly developed and appears depressed. Pulse 72 - weak. heart sounds normal but very weak. Weight on enlistment 9 st. 6 lbs. now 9 st. 4 lbs. Teeth removed after enlistment. Bad when he joined but got worse in the Army.

Discharged as permanently unfit."

Arthur was re-examined, on appeal, on the 22nd December 1917, and reassessed at 70% of total disability, adding: "... including debility after operation for stomach trouble which, all things considered not caused nor aggravated by Service."

Arthur died in Buxton Cottage Hospital, London Road, on Tuesday, the 13th January 1919. He was buried in Buxton Cemetery three days later. The Service was carried out by Rev. C. E. Harris (St  Ann's and St. James'). Clearly, from his Service and Pension records he was not a well man, nor ever suitable for active service. But he tried three, possibly four, times, at an age approaching 40 years, to serve his King and Country, and surely deserves every respect.

· "Class W Reserve and its Territorial Force equivalent Class W(T) were introduced in June 16 by Army Order 203/16. They were 'for all those
   soldiers whose services are deemed to be more valuable to the country in civil rather than military employment'. Men in these classes were
   to receive no emoluments from army funds and were not to wear uniform. They were liable at any time to be recalled to the colours.
   From the time a man was transferred to Class W, until being recalled to the Colours, he was not subject to military discipline."

· The Buxton Advertiser, 21 December 1918 and 18 January 1919.

Link to CWGC Record
Arthur Lindop's grave